There’s a lot to like about autumn (the amazing
These symptoms may be an indication that you are low in vitamin D, which is sometimes called the ‘sunshine vitamin’ (and hence a lack of it in autumn/winter).
I’ll discuss what vitamin D does, how you can tell if you might be a bit low, who should get tested, and where to have it done. You can boost your levels naturally through food, but sadly food sources are highly unlikely to give you enough vitamin D in winter.
WHY YOU REALLY, REALLY NEED THE D
Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that actually acts more like a hormone. It is mostly known for its role in bone health as it promotes calcium absorption in the gut and is needed for bone growth and
However, it’s not just bone health that suffers if vitamin D is insufficient. Vitamin D is involved in immune function, joint and muscle function and reduction of inflammation. Research has also shown that cancers, asthma, tuberculosis, multiple sclerosis (and other autoimmune diseases), heart disease, diabetes
WHY SO LOW?
- Sun cream. Your body makes vitamin D after contact with the sun’s UV rays but, as we’re a nation of sun cream fanatics (and this covers the skin, blocking the rays of sunlight from getting through), you might not be getting enough straight-up sun even in the summer.
- Among other things that go a bit wrong as you get older, your body is less good at turning the rays from the sun into vitamin D. Specifically, the kidneys are less good with age at turning it to the active form of calcitriol.
- Kidney or liver disease of any kind also means vitamin D is not converted to the active form.
- Tummy troubles. Problems with the digestive system (and I’m not talking about
diseasehere – just an imbalance that may cause anything from a few manageable symptoms to more serious issues) mean the digestive tract does not absorb the vitamin D as well.
- Obesity (technically that’s a BMI or body mass index of 30+) has the fat cells in your body hoover up the vitamin D. So then it’s stored – unusable – in your fat cells and is not whizzing around your body in your blood.
- Lack of sleep. Just as you need sunlight to make vitamin D, you need sleep to actually use
- The presence of the stress hormone cortisol reduces the uptake of vitamin D by special vitamin D receptors. It literally sits there, in the body, without being able to be used. What a waste!
- Your skin
colour. The darker your skin, the less vitamin D you will make. This is due to the higher levels of melanin in your skin that protect against UV light. By blocking the sun’s rays, it also curbs the body’s ability to make the pre-cursorto the active vitamin D.
- Nightshift workers and anyone else who doesn’t spend much time in the sunlight, including children wearing sun cream all the time and babies. Quite simply, you need the sun on your skin.
10 SIGNS YOU MIGHT HAVE A VITAMIN D DEFICIENCY
- Depression or anxiety (including mood changes or irritability)
- Bone softening (low bone density), fractures
- Feeling tired all the time/ decreased performance
- Muscle cramps and weakness
- Joint pain (especially back and knees)
- Difficulty regulating your blood sugar levels/
post lunchenergy crash
- Low immunity
- Slow wound healing
- Low calcium levels in the blood
- Unexplained weight gain
Symptoms like these are commonly overlooked because they don’t feel
WHO SHOULD GET TESTED?
If any of the above resonates with you, then you should definitely get tested. You might find your GP will do this for you. My experience is that they are usually amenable to this particular test.
If your doctor won’t test, consider getting it checked out privately. In the big scheme of things (like life and, you know, your health), the test is not expensive but it could change your enjoyment of your life.
The test is the 25-hydroxy vitamin D test (also known as the 25-OH vitamin D test or Calcidiol 25-hydroxycholecalciferol test). It’s the most accurate way to measure how much vitamin D is in your body.
If you’re the kind of person who doesn’t want to ask, feels uncomfortable asking or is just curious to know their levels, I can
If you do take a test and you’re very low, you’ll need an intense 4-6 weeks supplementation at a high dose and then re-testing to see the impact it’s had. There is such a thing as too much vitamin D (known as vitamin D toxicity). You’d have to be going some way to get there, but it is possible, which is why it is essential you know your levels before you start guzzling any supplements.
I know what you’re thinking.
- I already take a vitamin D supplement.
- I go out in the sun quite a bit
- Wouldn’t my doctor ask to test me if they thought it
- I’m too busy to take time off to take a test.
And here’s a cautionary tale… one of my clients enjoyed sunning herself in the garden this summer with no sun cream (except for her 2 week holiday in August). But in spite of it being
HOW TO UP YOUR VITAMIN D
- Get yourself some sun. Recommended sunlight exposure is between 10 and 30 minutes a day with no sun cream (but you’re going to have to go abroad for this at this time of year)
- If getting out in the sun is not an option, sit in front of a
light boxthat supplies 10,000 lux of full-spectrum light for 30 minutes every morning. This is an especially good option for winter months and for night shift workers. Bit of a faff, but it’s an option.
- Take a supplement
. Youcan take a generic 1,000 IU dose as an adult (but not children without consulting your GP) BUT, if you’ve no idea what your blood levels are, this could end up being too little (most likely) or too much.
- Eat naturally vitamin D-rich foods like oily fish (salmon, sardines, fresh tuna, trout, halibut, mackerel, et.),
high qualitycod liver oil, egg yolks andliver. Do not be fooled into thinking the fortified foods are the same or have similar benefits. Fortified foods (like cereals, margarine andsome yoghurts) contain a synthetic version of the vitamin known as D2 (the natural form is D3). Research shows this is less effective at raising levels of vitamin D in the blood.
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